The Federation of Small Businesses (FSB) has warned an EU-wide ban on preventing credit card charges from being passed on to customers presents a “double-edge sword” for small businesses and called on policymakers and businesses to work together to bring down the charges.

UK companies will no longer be able to pass on the fees to customers from today. Instead, businesses will have to take on the costs themselves.

Responding to the changes, Federation of Small Businesses (FSB) National Chairman Mike Cherry, said: “The EU legislation taking effect today represents a double-edge sword for small businesses. The proportion of small firms reporting a rise in operating costs is now at a five-year high. Removing their freedom to share the burden of card payment fees will give them yet another outgoing to worry about.

“Today’s changes make insisting on payment by cash all the more appealing. With access to cash restricted by a rapidly diminishing bank branch network and threats to ATM funding, small firms now find themselves between a rock and a hard place when it comes to customer payments.

“The interchange fees demanded by card companies are only the start of the costs that small firms incur when they process a card payment. They also have to foot the bill for compliance, set-up, authorisation fees and payment system operating costs. The EU does cap interchange fees, but these caps don’t apply across the board. Card providers with a small market share are free to charge considerably more than their bigger competitors.

“It’s hypocritical of HMRC to stop accepting personal credit card payments, as they consider them too expensive to process, while small firms are expected to absorb those same costs. Small businesses don’t want to pass on card fees to their customers, so it’s high time for policymakers and businesses to work together to bring down the charges levied by card providers.

“The potential for open banking to inject fresh competition into a whole swathe of sectors is huge. As things stand, too many small firms aren’t accessing the banking and finance routes that are right for them. Allowing providers direct access to the information they need to tailor offers and vet applicants could help change that.

“We need to see open banking facilitate the same kind of instant price comparison services that consumers enjoy. Small firms are far more like consumers than corporations. They need this support. We look forward to banks, regulators and third parties working collaboratively to ensure the potential benefits of open banking are realised from the get-go.”

“Open banking promises to help transform accounting processes for small firms. For the VAT-registered small business submitting quarterly returns online, for example, being able to seamlessly transfer transaction details to accounting software could be a game-changer. Of course businesses need to put security first. Small firms need to give careful consideration to the organisations they’d like to grant access to and ensure those third parties have the relevant approvals from the FCA.”