Business confidence fell in September

2nd October 2023

Business confidence fell to 36% in September, a five point dip from the 18-month high (41%) recorded in August, as companies saw a decline in both economic optimism and trading prospects for the year ahead. 

While confidence has fallen it remains higher than the first three months of 2023 (20%). Firms’ trading prospects were down this month with 52% (down five points) of businesses anticipating stronger activity in the next 12 months, compared with 11% (unchanged) expecting weaker outcomes. This resulted in the net balance falling five points to 41% versus 46% in August.

Optimism about the wider economy also reduced, with 51% (down four points) of firms reporting greater optimism, while 21% (up two points) were less upbeat. The net balance therefore fell six points to 30%, although this is still the third highest level during 2023.  

Overall, confidence levels remain well above the 22-year average of the Barometer of 28%, reflecting an upward trend in confidence during 2023, as monthly rises have generally been larger than any subsequent fall in following months. 

Hann-Ju Ho, Senior Economist Lloyds Bank Commercial Banking, said “While the gains in business confidence we saw in August have not been maintained, it’s important to see the wider trend clearly reflected in the data which paints a very different picture to this time 12 months ago, when the economy was in significant difficulties.”

“Despite some month-to-month movements, if you look at the year in quarterly time periods, confidence has steadily risen from 20% in the first quarter, 26% in the second and now an average of 27% in the third.

“Although the economic environment remains uncertain with inflation and interest rate pressures playing their part, the recent decision by the Bank of England to leave interest rates unchanged is likely to help businesses feel more upbeat about the future, which may underpin confidence in the last three months of the year.” 

Pricing expectations increased marginally in September, with a one-point increase to 57%. The Barometer shows that firms are prioritising maintaining or increasing their profit margins, which is likely to be as a response to inflation. The number of firms planning to cut prices fell to 3% (down two points), although firms which plan to raise prices was also down by the one point (60% from 61%), offsetting some of the change.

Companies’ hiring intentions were down this month, although still 45% (down five points) of firms expect to increase their workforce, while 20% (up two points) plan to reduce the number of staff. The resulting net balance was down seven points to 25%, returning to the levels previously seen in July. However, hiring intentions remain stronger than at the start of the year and firms are clear in their desire to prioritise retaining and attracting staff.  

The September Barometer saw some solidifying of wage growth expectations. Firms expect higher wage growth to remain elevated compared to pre-pandemic levels, with 78% of firms expecting to award an increase in pay. This is in contrast with 68% seen in 2019, while in the same year 17% expected to offer no pay increase – a stark contrast with the 6% seen in this month’s data. 

While the proportion of firms expecting to increase salaries was down five points from August (78% versus 83%), the percentage is in line with the average for the year so far. 

Paul Gordon, Managing Director for Relationship Management, Lloyds Bank Business & Commercial Banking said “As part of the Barometer survey data, we asked firms what represents the biggest issue for the UK Economy. The overwhelming answer from businesses this month was a combination of inflation, interest rates and energy prices.”

“With recent data from various organisations in August showing inflationary measures having their desired effect, including our own UK Sector Tracker which showed demand falling across most sectors, the coming months may see a more stable environment where prices are concerned.”

“Energy prices, from the wholesale market, have decreased and while businesses are not eligible for the same consumer price cap, most businesses will have longer term agreements with energy suppliers that shelter them somewhat from short term volatility. However, as we move into winter, it would be prudent for businesses to review their utility contracts and see if there are savings to be made.”

The fall in business confidence this month centred around the retail and services sectors, following strong sentiment in August. Retail confidence fell to 32% (down 12 points) dragged down in particular by trading prospects, while services confidence declined to 36% (down eight points). Construction confidence also fell to 36% (down eight points). However, manufacturing was stronger, with confidence rising to a three month high of 36% (up six points).